Copenhagen School of international relations, world politics, social and humanitarian component, social and humanitarian technologies, fake news, humanitarization of world politics, soft power, manipulation in world politics.
The article introduces the concept of humanitarization of world politics by analogy with the idea of securitization proposed by representatives of the Copenhagen School of International Relations at the end of the twentieth century for the security sphere. The humanitarization of world politics is understood as a process that has become characteristic since the second half of the twentieth century and, especially intensively began to develop and manifest itself at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The humanitarization of world politics consists, firstly, in the rapid development of the social and humanitarian component, including the emergence of new subject areas in world politics, for example, the world political aspects of higher education. Secondly, the social and humanitarian component penetrates virtually all spheres of world politics. The article shows that the peculiarity of the socio-humanitarian component of world politics in the XXI century was not just the support of military, economic and other spheres, as it was previously. Social and humanitarian components are beginning to be incorporated into all areas of international relations and world politics. As a result, it turns out that certain activities that are not directly related to the social and humanitarian sphere cannot be carried out without this component. At the same time, the social and humanitarian impact is carried out both with the help of soft power and with the help of manipulation technologies, propaganda, etc. It is emphasized that the concept of humanitarization” of world politics is not identical to the concept of “humanization” of world politics. The article discusses the reasons for the increasing importance of the social and humanitarian components of world politics. It is shown that this is due to a number of reasons, including the increase in the value of human life, despite the presence of examples of a directly opposite nature. In addition, the use of military and economic resources in the world of the XXI century has its limitations. Finally, today as a result of the complexity of the modern world, there is a significant penetration of various spheres into each other. In connection with these reasons, the humanitarization of world politics presupposes both the possibility of humane actions and the use of social and humanitarian components in political interests. The article makes the assumption that in the future the importance of the social and humanitarian component of world politics will rise, which means that its humanitarization will increase.